There is no doubt about the influence of lips on facial beauty, sometimes connate factors such as cleft lip and palate can make an unpleasant impression of facial beauty. Though, today we don’t need to be worried, since we can fix these kind of disorders with surgeries easily. Due to the level of the clefts, two or one surgery is needed.
Cleft lip and cleft palate
Among all kinds of connate deformities before birth to a baby, cleft lip and cleft palate are very common. It causes social, behavioral and medical problems, and it is completely visible. Luckily, today we can fix cleft lip and palate via surgeries.
Cleft lip happens to fourth and seventh weeks of pregnancy. Cause of a cleft lip is that if the tissue that makes up the lip don’t meet totally before birth, which this cause a split or opening in the upper lip.
Cleft palate happens to the sixth and ninth weeks of pregnancy. When the tissue which makes up the mouth does not meet totally during pregnancy. The high number of patients with cleft palate may have other problems such as cardiac, limb, or other system detects.
Patients with cleft lip and cleft palate will have many other problems, breathing, eating, hearing loss, dentition, maxillofacial growth, and speaking.
Ways of fixing a cleft lip and cleft palate:
Nowadays we can treat cleft lip and palate. Though we should consider some factors of treatment, such as the type and intensity of the cleft, and age and needs of the patient. Procedures for treating are different from medical teams. For example, some medical teams wait for the jaws.
Age of correcting the cleft lip and palate is till 10 to 12, and some team repair jaws earlier. Normally for treatment a team of special surgeon is needed. The team should be including of plastic surgeons, otolaryngologist, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, nutritionist, and speech pathologist.
With surgery doctors can repair cleft lip. After surgery, a small scar will left on the lip under the nose. For treating, depend on the level of the repair needed, a cleft lip needs one or two surgeries, the first surgery will perform when the baby is 3 months old.
There are two ways for treating cleft palate.
- Plastic surgery
- Covering the cleft palate by a palatal
Obturator (a prosthetic device which uses for covering the gap on the roof of mouth).
For creating a palate, plastic surgeons attach the muscles of the soft palate and reconnect the tissues to stick the cleft, which works for perfectly for speech. Although, it needs a combination of surgeries over a period of 18 years, first one happening when the child is between 6 and 12 months. A bone graft may require at the age of 8 to fill the upper gum.
Before and after the surgery of a cleft palate
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