Study, diagnosis , and treatment of disorders are subcategories of cardiology that are related to heart. There are alots of treatment for heart disease.Heart surgery(cardiac or cardiothoracic surgery) is one of them.These ways cure a damaged heart or heart attack and strockes.
Iranian cardiology specialists use high quality of technology according to the recent methods.Many of Iranian doctors and hospital are famous in the world.They have a brilliant records, for instants; in one hospital there was not even a failed heart surgery.Iranian experties match themselves to universal advancement in cardiovascular treatments.Becouse of this Iran is among the top of 10 countries in this treating.(according to middle east region).As we said Iran has high qulity, so alots of patients from different countries prefer to visit Iranian doctors.Versus they treat them based on modern equipment and facilities with best result.
Common cardiovascular surgeries and treatments
Acute coronary syndrome use ACS, it refers to different heart conditions and disorders , for example; heart attack , unstable angina.When blood flow decrease in part of the heart muscle this action called underlying problem.
There is an electronic device (AICD) that corrects unusual rhythem of heart.This device is put into the chest to cure life-threatening ,heartthrob.It transfers electronical shocks to the heart to correct abnormal rhytem and back normal function.
When vesseles of heart are narrowed or blocked , doctors used a ballon-tipped catheter to open them and recover normal blood flow , which is called coronary angioplasty.This is done by installing the ballon -tipped catheter through an artery and swell the ballon when the artery is blocked, this treatment is suggested becouse of chest pain and also after heart attack to reduce blood flow.
Atrial septal defect
It is hereditary condition that refers to a hole in wall and seprated the chambers of the heart.It deponds on different aspects include of ;size and location of defect.If the defect was severe and changes to symptoms it is neccessary to treat this problem by surgical procedure.
It is procedure that using a contrast material for filling the blood vessels,and also x-ray present tye blood flow among heart arteries to discover any blockage.It is useful especially for coronary artery disease(CAD)and showing the place of CAD.
Another way to treat CAD is CABG(coronary artery bypass grafting)which is a kind of surgical procedure.In this usual method blocked coronary artery part connect or combine to healthy artery .It is used for creating a new way for blood flow by bypassing the blocked part of the coronary vein.By the way by CABG surgery multiple coronary can be cured.
Cardiac Ablation treatment
If heart rhythm had problem this method is the best one.It delets those tissue that make abnormal rhythms.Doctors sendsome wires to the heart to find the problem.When it is discovered they restore the normal heart rhythm and also this action sometimes do by helping of catheters.
Cardiac catheterization procedures
In this method installing a thin tube (catheter ) in an artery, and attach to the heart.Experties do this way for discovering heart disease.Cardiac catheterization evaluate pressure and blood flow and find disease of the coronary arteries, heart muscle or valves.This system is used in some treatments ,for example; angioplasty.
Cogestive heart failure(CHF)
When heart can not be able to pump enough blood to other part of body this issue happens.But heart continue its working.Different ilness can lead to this problem such as blood pressure ,diabetes and coronary artery disease(CAD).There are lots of way to cure this ilness, for example medication, heart transplantation or pump implanation.Some times combination of treatment may be suggested to treat CHF.
In this procedure by ultrasound waves can take real-time images of heart.And for showing function of heart blood clots , aorta problems , etc it is used.It can also be suggested for different reasons for example;an iregular heartbeat.There are several types of echo cardiography that use in different situation depends on conditions.
A pacemaker is a electrical medical device that is installed under skin, its duty is correcting the abnorml heartbeats(arrhythmias) by sending signals to the heart and keep normal heart rhythm.By this device doctors can treat different types of heart diseases such as tachycardia(when heart is beating too fast) and bradycardia (when heart is beating too slowly).
Heart valve replacement surgery
For treating valve disease this method is used for replace one or more of heart valves with a prosthetic valve.Heart valves controled blood flow during heartbeats. If valve was severe damaged , valve replacement may be suggested.It is usually employs to replace the aortic or mitral valve.
This is abriviation of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass, and it is similar to coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).For treating coronary artery disease connecting a healthy artery to the blocked one.MIDCAB is a less invasive plan of CABG.This procedure is suitable for one or two heart arteries but for more than them doctors suggest the CABG.
Open heart surgery
It is named traditional heart surgery, experties open chest and cure valves or muscle of heart ,while the body is connected to a bypass machine , it works insted of lungs and heart.In different situation this method is used.For example; replace or repair damaged heart valves, repair abnormal heart tissues , heart transplanation , etc.
Patent ductus arteriosus PDA
There is abnormal blood flow between major heart arteries and it increased in arteries of the lung.This situation occurs after birth .Using ibuprofen is useful way to treat newborns.In hard condition doctors prefer to treat baybies by surgical procedure.
Aorta is large artery that transfer oxygen-healthy blood ,from heart to other part of body.It controls flow of blood by closing and opening during heartbeat for disease such as aortic aneurusm (enlarged aorta), aortic dissection (tears and holes in the aortic valve) doctors suggest Aortic surgery or replacing the aortic valves.
Surgical ventricular restoration
When heart can not pump enough blood to other part of body, this method is used which is surgical ventricular restoration. CHF may happens becouse of heart attack.This surgical usually delet a part of the aneurysm scar tissue and recover the normal shape and size of heart and improve its function.
Pediatric heart surgery
This surgery is useful way to treat heart defects in newborns and children.Which may be congential or happens after birth.Some of this cases immediately need surgical but in other cases can be treated several months or years later.There are different reasons for using this method for instants valve problems, repairing heart injuries, correcting holes between heart cbambers or treating heart defects , etc.
By this procedure doctors use computers and cardiac catheters to access electrical measurements from heart.They record details of electrical activity of heart.It is useful for recognizing the source of abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia).Also it is the best thing to show the arrhythmia.
For blockage of blood vessels , aortic aneurysm, hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)in this method uses advanced instruments which is a small tube that put in affected artery ,its duty is restore the normal blood flow to the body.
Heart valve surgery
In this method repair or replace heart valves.Heart valves by closing and opening during heartbeat control the one-way blood flow .If this usual circle doesn’t work well, the blood can not flow throughout the body.This method is used for treating disease of mitral valves in tough situation by replacing mitral and aortic.
It works to lower high blood pressure.Heart failure , strokes or kidney disease are result of high blood pressure.Doctors suggest for those patients who suffer from this disease that used divretics or in some cases combination of different drugs.
Rheumatic heart disease
This is related to those disease that happen becouse of acute rheumatic fever(ARF).Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory ilness that may damage to heart valves blood flow.If heart valves dosen’t open or close properly depends on heart damage , heart surgery may be needed.
For treating blockage in arteries puting small tube inside a coronary artery.Sometimes it combines with abgioplasty and also suggested to coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).Depends on blockage location and artery size this action can be used for treatment.
Transcatheter Aortic valve implant
It is kind of surgery that uses a long tube (catheter)for implanting the aortic valve.Catheter go through the aortic valve inside heart to install the new valve over the disease valve.This is usful for treating aortic stenosis.That are narrowing of the aortic valve and this method decreasing the blood flow.
Treatment of congential heart disease
Congential heart disease are emerged after birth and they affected on heart.This issue can occurs in heart walls and veins and arteries of the heart or heart valves.Surgery and catheterization are used for congential heart defects.